“The more you teach, the better people will draw!”
—Marina Petrenko

Draftsmanship Reviews

Some of these books are listed under other resource categories, mostly in the anatomy section. That makes sense. When we can draw the human figure “in 3D space” we can draw just about anything in 3D space. But this section focuses on all-around draftsmanship, so here's where you'll find my reviews of perspective books as well. It's not a complete list yet. I'm reading a bunch of recent releases, some of which are impressive. But I've listed everything you need to master old-school drawing.

Books

How to Draw: Drawing and Sketching Objects and Environments from Your Imagination

If I'd had this book thirty-five years ago, it would have spared me years of frustration. Scott and Thomas explain basic facts about perspective, then build from basic facts into the most complex drawings imaginable. It's centuries-old knowledge, it's clear, and it's worth twenty times the price. But be warned - it's a full course that can take months of attention. The reward is that you'll learn all the mysteries of classic draftsmanship in a few months rather than a few decades. —mv

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Drawing Lessons from the Great Masters

The best drawing book I know. I've read it seven times. I understood it the first time, and I still benefited from it the seventh. A solid “ten.” 100 master drawings analyzed simply, clearly and with deep insight from a man who understood classic draftsmanship as thoroughly as anyone in the 20th century, and who taught it as well as anyone in any century. Unfortunately, the sequel called Anatomy Lessons from the Great Masters doesn't compare — it has great pictures but the text is lifeless reportage — Hale didn't write it even though they used his name. —mv

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Master Class in Figure Drawing

This book is a “ten” with flaws. It was taken from Hale's lectures at the Art Students League and has errors in it because the transcriber didn't understand the material. But it's still a great book. The writing is entertaining and enlightening. More than worthwhile. —mv

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Dynamic Figure Drawing

Don't try to read it — you'll just get frustrated. Look at the pictures and you'll learn how to use form in drawing the figure. The anatomy is stylized to the point of looking artificial — more like plastic action figures than real humans — but it is strong on showing how classic draftsmanship can be creatively applied to the human body. —mv

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The Natural Way to Draw

This presents a very different approach to drawing than what you find in the previously listed books. Nicolaides was concerned primarily with the “guts” of art — keeping artists' attention on the feelings that prompt the drawing. His exercises are the best I know for developing the sensitivity of an artist, but they are inefficient for learning to master form in space. Nicolaides taught at the Art Student's League in New York at the same time as Bridgman, and he deferred to Bridgman's teaching as a resource for applying perspective to anatomy. I use Nicolaides material when teaching “Life” Drawing, but not when emphasizing anatomy or form. —mv

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Perspective Drawing Handbook

Creative Perspective for Artists and Illustrators

THE PROBLEM OF LEARNING PERSPECTIVE: Draftsmanship is, at a technical level, mainly about perspective. If you want to “draw” in the classic sense of that word, eventually you have to confront this fundamental discipline that is so difficult. There are many books on perspective that can drive you crazy, many more that are mediocre or that only show you how it applies to boxes and buildings, and a few that are simple and clear or that show you that it applies to organic forms as well. The two books Perspective Drawing Handbook by Joseph D'Amelio, and Creative Perspective by Ernest Watson are the best I know. They're understandable. Begin with D'Amelio's. He shows how to draw boxes and buildings. Watson's is advanced and more demanding, but he shows you everything you need to know to draw anything for the rest of your life. —mv

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book book

Constructive Anatomy

The Human Machine

The Complete Guide to Drawing from Life

Bridgman was Robert Beverly Hale's teacher and also Norman Rockwell's! His drawings are sometimes inconsistent, often sloppy and difficult for beginners to decipher, but in spite of such flaws you can learn a lot about how the forms of the figure “fit together.” Plus, they are beautifully expressive drawings. Constructive Anatomy and The Human Machine are good to start with because they are fairly clear. The Complete Guide to Drawing from Life is a compilation that gives you the best of the smaller books. I've learned as much about how to draw the structure of the head from Bridgman as I have from any other source. —mv

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Cartooning

Cartoon Animation

This legendary animator and teacher demonstrates the basics of classic draftsmanship clearly enough for kids to understand, authoritatively enough for masters to revere (the accuracy of his ellipses in constructing cartoon-heads reveals his rigorous training). Even if you don't intend to animate, you'll get more valuable drawing wisdom from these “cartoon books” than from a hundred college textbooks that neglect the core method of illusionary drawing. Preston Blair entertains and teaches by combining childlike drawings with grown-up skills.

You can see sample pages and links to free downloads of the original version at animationarchive.org. —mv

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Marshall's Resources

Perspective Lectures

If you have trouble learning perspective from books, I taught a course that will make it easier for you than with books alone. The 1994 chalkboard demos take you through the moves to explain the logic of each line. These were the best I could do then, and students still learn from them. Until I can redo them with animation and better production, here they are for $12.


Draftsmanship Seminar

In my Draftsmanship Seminar, you will learn how to apply a centuries-old technique for making human, animal and organic forms appear 3-dimensional and realistic, and how master artists have used this skill for over 500 years to solve drawing problems.

Please see my info pages for details on all my seminars, check my schedule for all upcoming offerings, join my announcement list for the latest updates, or contact me if you have specific questions.

Marshall Vandruff is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com.